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Frequently Asked Questions

The following are a compilation of frequently asked questions (FAQs) that address information about established review procedures and criteria, updates from the latest round of reviews, and a summary of findings to date. More detailed information on the specific process and criteria used to conduct the review can be found on the Review Process page. If you have a question that is not answered here, please contact us.
Last Updated April 2016.

GENERAL QUESTIONS ABOUT THE REVIEW

What is the TPP Evidence Review?

Since 2009, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has sponsored an ongoing systematic review of the teen pregnancy prevention research literature, to help identify programs with evidence of effectiveness in reducing teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and associated sexual risk behaviors. The main purpose of the Teen Pregnancy Prevention (TPP) Evidence Review is to review research to examine study quality and assess whether program models have demonstrated positive impacts on sexual risk behavior and sexual health outcomes. These programs reflect a range of approaches that exist in the field (e.g., youth development, comprehensive sex education, abstinence, HIV/STI education, etc.). In addition to being a resource to organizations that work to prevent teen pregnancy, the TPP Evidence review is used by OAH’s Teen Pregnancy Prevention program and ACF's Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) to identify individual program models that can be selected for replication by potential grantees.
The TPP Evidence Review is managed by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) in collaboration with the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH), and the Administration for Children and Families’ Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The TPP Evidence Review is conducted through a contract with Mathematica Policy Research.

Who sponsors the TPP Evidence Review?

The TPP Evidence Review is a joint effort sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families, and the Office of Adolescent Health within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.

How many program models have met the TPP Evidence Review criteria for showing evidence of effectiveness?

There are currently 44 program models that have evaluation studies that have met the TPP Evidence Review criteria for evidence of program effectiveness. The program models represent a range of different program approaches, including abstinence, comprehensive sex education, HIV/STI prevention, and youth development approaches.

When were the reviews conducted?

The findings from the initial review were released in Spring 2010 as part of the Office of Adolescent Health Teen Pregnancy Prevention grant announcement. The review findings are updated on a period basis as new research emerges. Findings from the most recent update were released in Spring 2016.

How are the results of the review used by HHS?

Within HHS, OAH's Teen Pregnancy Prevention (TPP) program and ACF's Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) have relied on the TPP Evidence Review findings to identify individual program models that can be selected for replication by potential grantees. Questions about whether specific program models are eligible for federal funding should be directed to the appropriate program office.