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Making Proud Choices!

Study Findings

Evidence by Outcome Domain and Study

Citation Sexual Activity Number of Sexual Partners Contraceptive Use STIs or HIV Pregnancy

Jemmott et al. 1998

Uniformly null impacts across the outcomes examined in this domain A mix of positive, null, and/or adverse impacts across the outcomes examined in this domain
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Detailed Findings

CitationDetails

Jemmott et al. 1998

The program was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial involving middle school students in Philadelphia, PA. Students were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received the program or to a control group that received a general health-promotion curriculum on diet, exercise, cancer awareness, and smoking. Both the control and intervention programs were delivered outside of regular school hours over two consecutive Saturdays. Surveys were administered immediately before the program (baseline), immediately after the program, and three, six, and 12 months after the program.

The study found that three months after the program ended, adolescents participating in the intervention who were sexually experienced at baseline were significantly less likely to report having had unprotected sexual intercourse in the previous 3 months, and reported a lower frequency of unprotected sexual intercourse. For youth who were not sexually experienced at baseline, the study found no statistically significant impacts on unprotected sexual intercourse at any of the three follow-ups. In addition, the study found no statistically significant program impacts on overall rates of sexual intercourse or frequency of sexual intercourse for any group of study participants.

The study also examined program impacts on measures of condom use consistency. Findings for these outcomes were not considered for the review because they did not meet the review evidence standards. Specifically, findings were reported only for subgroups of youth defined by sexual activity at follow up. The study also examined program impacts on attitudes toward abstinence, as well as condom use knowledge, skills, and beliefs. Findings for these outcomes were not considered for the review because they fell outside the scope of the review.

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Notes

Some study entries may include more than one citation because each citation examines a different follow-up period from the same study sample, or because each citation examines a different set of outcome measures on the same study sample. A blank cell indicates the study did not examine any outcome measures within the particular outcome domain or the findings for the outcome measures within that domain did not meet the review evidence standards.

Information on evidence of effectiveness is available only for studies that received a high or moderate rating. Read the description of the review process for more information on how these programs are identified.

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