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Draw the Line/Respect the Line

Study Findings

Evidence by Outcome Domain and Study

Citation Sexual Activity Number of Sexual Partners Contraceptive Use STIs or HIV Pregnancy

Coyle et al. 2004

A mix of positive, null, and/or adverse impacts across the outcomes examined in this domain A mix of positive, null, and/or adverse impacts across the outcomes examined in this domain
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Detailed Findings

CitationDetails

Coyle et al. 2004

The program was evaluated in a cluster randomized controlled trial involving 19 ethnically diverse schools in northern California. Ten schools were randomly selected to implement the Draw the Line/Respect the Line program and nine were randomly selected for a control group that continued their regular school programming. Surveys were administered before the program started in spring of sixth grade (baseline) and then annually in spring of seventh, eighth, and ninth grades.

In the second year of the program in the spring of seventh grade, and again at the end of the program in the spring of eighth grade, boys in the schools implementing the intervention were significantly less likely to report ever having had sexual intercourse and having had sexual intercourse during the previous 12 months. In addition, boys in the intervention group also reported a lower frequency of sexual intercourse and having had fewer partners in the previous 12 months. A year after the program ended in the spring of ninth grade, boys participating in the intervention were significantly less likely to report ever having had sexual intercourse and having had sexual intercourse during the previous 12 months. Program impacts on the frequency of sexual intercourse and number of sexual partners were no longer statistically significant for boys one year after the program ended. The study found no statistically significant program impacts for girls on any of these outcomes for any of the follow-up periods.

The study also examined program impacts on measures of knowledge, attitudes, normative beliefs, self-efficacy, sexual limits, coercive behavior, and unwanted sexual advances. Findings for these outcomes were not considered for the review because they fell outside the scope of the review.

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Notes

Some study entries may include more than one citation because each citation examines a different follow-up period from the same study sample, or because each citation examines a different set of outcome measures on the same study sample. A blank cell indicates the study did not examine any outcome measures within the particular outcome domain or the findings for the outcome measures within that domain did not meet the review evidence standards.

Information on evidence of effectiveness is available only for studies that received a high or moderate rating. Read the description of the review process for more information on how these programs are identified.

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